An observer-relative systems approach to information
- Dionysios Demetis, Hull University Business School, Hull, United Kingdom
- Allen Lee, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States
AbstractBy returning to the foundational principles of second-order cybernetics and resting on the central role of the observer, this essay explores how the distinction between data/information can be conceptualized. Using systems theory, we derive a series of systemic principles for the distinction between data/information and we illustrate them with a case study from Anti-Money Laundering.
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