Organizational Culture and Knowledge Exchange and Combination: A Systematic Literature Review

AbstractKnowledge exchange and combination build the core of innovative activity. Organizational culture plays a critical role with regards to knowledge exchange and combination because it affects organization members’ behaviors. Thus, his study aims at analyzing the influence of organizational culture on knowledge exchange and combination. Based on a systematic literature review, this study takes stock of the landscape of research on organizational culture related to knowledge exchange and combination. 504 journals and 5 conference proceedings were examined. 24 articles were identified as relevant and were reviewed. We found that organizational culture is a strong predictor for successful knowledge exchange and combination. The analysis further revealed four cultural factors that were mentioned most frequently as being supportive of knowledge exchange and combination. Our literature review points out the lack of research on how to develop, change, and sustainably establish an organizational culture that exhibits the corresponding supportive factors.

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