Personal Health Technology: CPN based Modeling of Coordinated Neighborhood Care Environments (Hubs) and Personal Care Device Ecosystems

AbstractHealthcare supported by mobile devices, or “mHealth,” has rapidly emerged as a very broad ecosystem that can empower safer, more affordable, and more comfortable independent living environments and assist residents to age in place with a variety of well-understood chronic diseases. mHealth ecosystems leverage every available type of regulated medical and consumer-grade Patient Care Devices (or PCDs). mHealth technologies can also support innovative care and reimbursement models like the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) and Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs). Although consumer-grade PCDs are becoming ubiquitous, they typically do not provide a large variety of integrated system options for care coordination beyond single individuals. Understanding how to safely implement and use those devices to support heterogeneous mixes of patients, illnesses, devices, medications, and situations in neighborhood contexts is still a case-by-case challenge. By utilizing a well-formalized Colored Petri Nets (CPNs) based approach, this paper provides a proof-of-concept simulation framework for modeling and designing coordinated community care hubs.

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