Enabling laboratory medicine in primary care through EMR systems use: A survey of Canadian physicians

AbstractImportant problems remain with regard to the efficiency and effectiveness of laboratory testing in primary care. In view of this, a significant function of electronic medical record (EMR) systems is to enable the practice of laboratory medicine by primary care physicians (PCPs). In addressing this issue, the present study aims to deepen our understanding of the nature and effectiveness of PCPs’ use of EMR systems for patient management and care within the laboratory testing process. To achieve our main objective, a survey of 684 Canadian physicians was realized. Results confirm that the artefactual and clinical contexts of EMR use influence the extensiveness of this use for communicational and clinical purposes. In turn, it is confirmed that the more extensive the use of EMR for laboratory medicine, the greater its impacts on the PCPs’ efficiency and on the quality of care provided by these physicians. The implications of these results are discussed.

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