Five-Factor Inventory of Intrinsic Motivations to Gameplay (IMG)
- Jukka Vahlo, Game Research Lab, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
- Juho Hamari, Gamification Group, Laboratory of Pervasive Computing, Computing and Electrical Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Tampere, Finland
AbstractIn this study, we develop and validate Intrinsic Motivations to Gameplay (IMG) inventory. In Study 1, psychometric properties of a preliminary 10-item version of IMG were investigated by employing an online survey data collected among Finnish and Danish population (N = 2,205). In Study 2, a 23-item version of IMG was developed based on further interview data and survey data collected among Canadian population (N = 1,322). The 23-item version of IMG revealed five factors of intrinsic motivations for gameplay: Relatedness, Autonomy, Competence, Immersion, and Fun. In Study 3, a third survey was conducted among Finnish and Japanese participants (N = 2,057) to design a Self-Determination theory (SDT) informed confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The CFA validated a 15-item version of IMG inventory, which can be utilized widely in studies on digital gaming and gamification to better understand player preferences.
Return to previous page