Evolution of Format Preserving Encryption on IoT Devices: FF1+

AbstractThe Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of interconnected low-power sensing devices designed to interact and communicate with each other. To avoid compromising user privacy, it is necessary to encrypt these channels. We introduce Format Preserving Encryption (FPE), a modern cryptosystem that allows full customization of the ciphertext, while offering comparable security to AES. To gauge the performance of FPE, we compare the NIST-approved FF1 algorithm against several symmetric and asymmetric encryption schemes on a Raspberry Pi 3. While suitable for small plaintexts, FF1 breaks down for longer character strings. We propose a modified algorithm, FF1+, that implements dynamic round selection and key scheduling. Significant performance improvements are observed in our results, thus demonstrating FF1+ as a viable cryptosystem for IoT devices.

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